Anzac is a hamlet in northern Alberta, Canada within the Regional Municipality (R.M.) of Wood Buffalo. It is located on Highway 881 along the east shore of Gregoire Lake, approximately 36 kilometres (22 mi) southeast of Fort McMurray.
Anzac was named for the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps who surveyed the area during World War I for construction of the rail line to Waterways, Alberta.
Originally named after Willow Lake, the previous name of Gregoire Lake, the community were mostly non-status or non-treaty Cree Indians whose forefathers had migrated to the Athabasca Basin area from what was to become northern Manitoba; mostly displacing the original Beaver and Chipewyan occupants of the area.
During World War II a road was built from the rail siding to service and construct an American army base on Stoney Mountain.
The area has seen significant growth corresponding to that of Fort McMurray and the oil industry.
As a designated place in the 2011 Census, Anzac had a population of 585 living in 202 of its 272 total dwellings, a -2.7% change from its 2006 population of 601. With a land area of 8.15 km2 (3.15 sq mi), it had a population density of 71.78/km2 (185.91/sq mi) in 2011.
The population of Anzac according to the R.M of Wood Buffalo's 2007 municipal census is 714. The subsequent 2008 municipal census recorded a population of 837. However, with the overall 2008 municipal census result for the R.M. of Wood Buffalo not being accepted by Alberta Municipal Affairs due to the use of extrapolation, Anzac's 2008 population may be more of an estimate compared to its 2007 figure.
Information courtesy of Wikipedia